The Mechanical Properties of a Biaxial Tensile Geogrid

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The Mechanical Properties of a Biaxial Tensile Geogrid

Biaxial geogrids are often used in soil reinforcement applications. They have ribs in both directions and interlock with soils to enhance the load-bearing capacity of the structure. This is helpful for stabilizing slopes and reducing construction costs.

The longitudinal and transverse mechanical properties of the grid were tested at room temperature. The results showed that the tensile strength and nominal elongation of the longitudinal ribs were lower than those of the transverse ribs.

tensile strength

The tensile strength of a Biaxial tensile geogrid is regulated by the longitudinal and transverse mechanical properties. This is because the diameter-to-distance ratio and the percentage difference between longitudinal and transverse spacing play an important role in the mechanical performance of the grid. This study used the diamond-shaped hole geogrid as an example, and investigated the influence of longitudinal spacing LV on the basic mechanical properties of the grid. The results showed that when the longitudinal spacing is 1% larger than the transverse spacing, the longitudinal and transverse tensile strengths are the same, and the longitudinal nominal elongation is maximized.

This study also analyzed the impact of different hole diameters on the tensile strength of the biaxial plastic geogrid. The experimental testing method used in this study was a room temperature tensile test. This test consists of pulling the geogrid at its nodes. The tensile strength is the measurement of how much force it takes to break the geogrid.

The tensile strength of a geogrid is one of its most important characteristics, especially for construction applications. Its tensile strength is the primary factor in the structural stability and confinement of soils. There are many different ways to produce a polypropylene geogrid, including extrusion, punching, and longitudinal and transverse stretching. The geogrids produced by this process are biaxial and exhibit high tensile strength in the machine direction (MD) and cross-machine direction (CMD). The biaxial tensile geogrid is an excellent choice for road and rail projects, because it provides strength and rigidity to the subgrade layer.

tensile elongation

The tensile elongation of a Biaxial tensile geogrid is an important parameter in the design and application of civil engineering materials. This value is determined by summing the tensile strength of each individual rib in the multidirectional geogrid and dividing it by the number of ribs. This value provides a good indicator of the mechanical performance of the geogrid and helps to identify areas for improvement.

Using the finite element method, this study simulated the tensile behavior of the geogrid with PP plastic two-way geogrid different pre-punched holes and analyzed the impact of stretching process on its mechanical properties. The results showed that the diameter-to-distance ratio and percentage difference of longitudinal and transverse spacings have a significant effect on the mechanical properties of biaxial PP geogrids. In addition, the mechanical properties of a biaxial geogrid can be improved by increasing the longitudinal and transverse spacings.

A basic simulation unit is defined as the rectangle centered on the center of the grid sheet and including two consecutive ribs. The length of the ribs in the longitudinal and transverse directions are LV and LT, respectively. The width and fillet radius of the pre-punched diamond hole are W and R, respectively. The tensile elongation is measured from the beginning to the point where the ribs are crushed at room temperature. The results indicate that the effective tensile strength of performance optimization multi-axial geogrid with different pre-punched hole schemes is greater than that of unidirectional geogrids, but less than that of bidirectional ones.

tensile modulus

The tensile modulus of a Biaxial tensile geogrid is a measure of the material’s ability to resist deformation. It is also a useful indicator of the performance and quality of the product. It can help you determine the best type of geogrid for your construction project, as it will be able to meet the required loads and a variety of environmental conditions.

In addition to the tensile modulus, the junction efficiency of the geogrid is another important property. This value measures the eomembrane Waterproof Geo Membrane ratio of the strength of the junction to the strength of the ribs. This property is tested using the ASTM D6637 test method, and it is a good way to compare different biaxial geogrids.

In the production of a Biaxial tensile Geogrid, the pre-punched grid sheet is first stretched longitudinally and then transversely. This process is essential to ensure that the mechanical properties of the longitudinal ribs and the transverse ribs are identical. This study used the Abaqus hyperelastic constitutive model to simulate and analyze the biaxial stretching of the geogrid. The results showed that the longitudinal ribs and the transverse ones were equally strong, but the longitudinal tensile strength was lower than the transverse one. The results also demonstrated that the tensile strength of the geogrid decreased with the increase in the percentage difference between the longitudinal and transverse rib spacing.


The ductility of a geogrid is the ability of the grid to resist a tensile stress. It is measured by evaluating the stress distribution along the geogrid’s ribs. This property is important because it determines the resistance of the geogrid to a transfer of load from one place to another. It also helps to determine the adequacy of the subgrade.

In order to test the ductility of a biaxial plastic geogrid, it must be sampled and prepared for mechanical performance testing. Generally, it is prepared by using a punching die to cut a diamond-shaped hole in the pre-punched geogrid sheet. Then, it is biaxially stretched, and the resulting mechanical properties are tested.

Among the most critical mechanical properties of a geogrid are its Aperture, Ultimate Tensile Strength, and Junction Efficiency. Aperture refers to the size of the grid’s net-like voids, which determine how introduced aggregate will interlock or strike through the geogrid’s ribs. It is also important to note that the rib thickness should be relatively consistent for a high-quality geogrid.

During the stretching process, the diameter-to-distance ratio and longitudinal spacing of the ribs will affect the mechanical properties of the longitudinal ribs. Moreover, the ribs must be able to deform before transverse stretching. To ensure this, the ribs must be pre-punched and pre-formed. To accomplish this, various pre-punching schemes have been tried out.

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